The aim of this study was to analyse the survival rate of cracked teeth after endodontic treatment. The secondary aim was to compare the survival rate of cracked teeth restored with composite filling/crown and those restored with a full crown.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The study was conducted retrospectively from three general dental clinics in Stockholm, which are all part of the national dental service organisation. Two-hundred patients with teeth receiving endodontic treatment due to symptomatic cracks were included. The patient data range from year 2001 to 2016.
The mean age of the patients was 48 years (range 29-69). Fifty-five per cent had cracks located above the pulpal cavity, 11% within the pulpal cavity and 3% located in the root canal. The cracks were located most commonly on the proximal surfaces. The survival rate for teeth with cracks was 68% and 54% after 5 and 10 years, respectively. The survival rate was significantly higher (97%) for cracked teeth receiving a full crown after endodontic treatment compared to teeth restored with either a composite filling or composite crown.
The overall survival rate for cracked teeth was 68% after 5 years, while it was significantly higher for cracked teeth restored with a full crown. The results suggest within the limitations of this study that cracked teeth should be restored with a full crown after endodontic treatment.