The surgical reintervention rate after prostatic urethral lift is not well characterized but has been estimated at 2% to 3% per year. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the surgical reintervention rate after prostatic urethral lift.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We systematically searched MEDLINE®, Embase® and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies of men treated with prostatic urethral lift reporting at least 1 year of maximum followup data. We performed a random effects meta-analysis to estimate the annual rate of surgical reintervention after prostatic urethral lift, including those performed for lower urinary tract symptoms or involving device explant, additions or replacement. The robustness of the meta-analysis conclusions was evaluated in a one-study removed analysis and heterogeneity was investigated with a subgroup analysis.
In 11 studies (2,016 patients) 153 surgical reinterventions were performed, among which transurethral resection of the prostate/laser (51.0%), repeat prostatic urethral lift (32.7%) and device explant (19.6%) were most common. The annual rate of surgical reintervention was 6.0% per year (95% CI 3.0-8.9). These results were not significantly influenced by any single study. The annual rate of surgical intervention was significantly influenced by the mean duration of patient followup. Surgical reintervention rates were 4.3% per year in studies with 1 year or less mean followup, 10.7% per year in studies with more than 1 year to 3 years mean followup and 5.8% per year in a single study with more than 3 years mean followup (p=0.04).
The surgical reintervention rate with prostatic urethral lift is 6.0% per year and is higher in studies with longer followup durations.