To assess surgical outcomes of penile prosthesis implantation in transgender men who underwent phalloplasty.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Transgender men who underwent penile prosthesis implantation after phalloplasty between January 1989 and September 2018 were retrospectively identified. A chart study was performed recording patient demographics, perioperative complications, and reoperations.
A total of 32 patients were identified: 22 underwent free radial forearm flap, 5 anterolateral thigh, 4 anterolateral thigh/free radial forearm flap, and 1 fibular flap phalloplasty. The median age at prosthesis implantation was 36 (range 21-59) years, the mean BMI 25.9 ± 4.0 kg/m2. At first implantation, 16 inflatable (AMS Dynaflex (n = 13), AMS Ambicor (n = 3)) and 16 malleable (Coloplast genesis (n = 14), AMS Spectra (n = 2)) prostheses were placed. Of these, 5 (16%) were removed/replaced because of infection, 2 (6%) because of leakage, 2 because of extrusion, 2 because of dislocation, 2 because of dysfunction, and 1 (3%) because of pain. The postoperative course was completely uneventful in 10 (31.3%) patients. Of all implanted prostheses, including revision procedures (n = 45), 21 (44%) were surgically replaced or removed.
Prosthesis explantation, replacement, or revision surgery occurs frequently after penile prosthesis implantation. Patients need to be well-informed preoperatively on these complication rates.