There are several restorative modalities for molar hypomineralization, but there is no consensus on the best approach. The purpose of this review was to describe restorative approaches applied to permanent first molars (PFM) with molar hypomineralization (MH).
This review was registered (PROSPERO database CRD42017078336). Searches were conducted in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, and Cochrane Library databases and grey literature. From a total of 1,751 studies, 12 that compared restorative treatments for PFM with MH were included. The risk of bias of the studies was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The success rate was the primary outcome.
The restorative treatment options were direct restorations with amalgam, glass ionomer cement, and resin-based composite as well as indirect restorations with stainless steel, porcelain, ceromer, and gold crowns. The restorative techniques, considering the type of isolation and the removal of caries and hypomineralization, vary between the study. There was also a lack of standard clinical criteria for restorative evaluation. The follow-up period ranged from six to 216 months. The success of direct restorations ranged from 86.3 to 100 percent. For indirect restorations, success ranged from 91.3 to 100 percent.
There were multiple clinical protocols for MH. The studies presented heterogeneity in the restoration technique, time, and clinical criteria for restorative follow-up. Direct restorations with glass ionomer cement and resin-based composite could be the first choices for restoration. Further randomized clinical trials on a restorative treatment for MH are needed.