To assess which patients with intermediate-risk PCa would benefit from a pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) across the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative, given the discrepancy in recommendations. AUA guidelines for localized prostate cancer (PCa) state that PLND is indicated for patients with unfavorable intermediate-risk and high-risk PCa and can be considered in favorable intermediate-risk patients. NCCN guidelines recommend PLND when risk for nodal disease is ≥2%.
Data regarding all robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) (March 2012-October 2020) were prospectively collected, including patient, and surgeon characteristics. Univariate and multivariate analyses of PLND rate and lymph node involvement (LN+) were performed.
Among 8,591 men undergoing RARP for intermediate-risk PCa, 80.2% were performed with PLND (n = 6883), of which 2.9% were LN+ (n = 198). According to the current AUA risk stratification system, 1.2% of favorable intermediate-risk PCa and 4.7% of unfavorable intermediate-risk PCa demonstrated LN+. There were also differences in the LN+ rates among the subgroups of favorable (0.0%-1.3%), and unfavorable (3.5%-5.0%) categories. Additional factors associated with higher LN+ rates include ≥50% cores positive, ≥35% involvement at any core, and unfavorable genomic classifier result, none of which contribute to the favorable/unfavorable subgroups.
These data support PLND at RARP for all patients with unfavorable intermediate-risk PCa. Our data also indicate patients with favorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer at greatest risk for LN+ are those with ≥50% cores positive, ≥35% involvement at any core, and/or unfavorable genomic classifier result.