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Published in Gastroenterology

Expert Opinion / My Approach · October 28, 2014

MY APPROACH to Pregnancy and IBD

Written by
Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan MD


Additional Info

  1. Agret F, Cosnes J, Hassani Z, et al. Impact of pregnancy on the clinical activity of Crohn's disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005;21(5):509-513.
  2. Beaulieu DB, Kane S. Inflammatory bowel disease in pregnancy. World J Gastroenterol. 2011;17(22):2696-2701.
  3. Ng SW, Mahadevan U. My treatment approach to management of the pregnant patient with inflammatory bowel disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014;89(3):355-360.
  4. Mahadevan U, Cucchiara S, Hyams JS, et al. The London Position Statement of the World Congress of Gastroenterology on Biological Therapy for IBD with the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation: pregnancy and pediatrics. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011;106(2):214-23; quiz 224.
  5. Waljee A, Waljee J, Morris AM, et al. Threefold increased risk of infertility: a meta-analysis of infertility after ileal pouch anal anastomosis in ulcerative colitis. Gut. 2006;55(11):1575-1580.
  6. Schulze H, Esters P, Dignass A. Review article: the management of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis during pregnancy and lactation [published online ahead of print September 9, 2014]. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. DOI: 10.1111/apt.12949.
  7. Ferrero S, Ragni N. Inflammatory bowel disease: management issues during pregnancy. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2004;270(2):79-85.
  8. Friedman S, Regueiro MD. Pregnancy and nursing in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2002;31(1):265-273, xii.
  9. Huang VW, Habal FM. From conception to delivery: Managing the pregnant inflammatory bowel disease patient. World J Gastroenterol. 2014;20(13):3495-3506.
  10. Caprilli R, Gassull MA, Escher JC, et al. European evidence based consensus on the diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease: special situations. Gut. 2006;55 Suppl 1:i36-i58.
  11. Gisbert JP, Chaparro M. Safety of anti-TNF agents during pregnancy and breastfeeding in women with inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013;108(9):1426-1438.
  12. Ananthakrishnan AN, Cheng A, Cagan A, et al. Mode of childbirth and long-term outcomes in women with inflammatory bowel diseases [published online ahead of print September 12, 2014]. Dig Dis Sci. Doi: 10.1007/s10620-014-3353-6.
  13. Cheng AG, Oxford EC, Sauk J, et al. Impact of mode of delivery on outcomes in patients with perianal Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014;20(8):1391-1398.

Disclosure statements are available on the authors' profiles:

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