Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is commonly used for treatment of C. difficile infections (CDI), although prospective safety data are limited and real-world FMT practice and outcomes are not well described. The FMT National Registry was designed to assess FMT methods and both safety and effectiveness outcomes from North American FMT providers.
Patients undergoing FMT in clinical practices across North America are eligible. Participating investigators enter de-identified data into an online platform including FMT protocol, baseline patient characteristics, CDI cure and recurrence, and short and long-term safety outcomes.
Of the first 259 participants enrolled at 20 sites, 222 have completed short-term follow-up at 1 month, and 123 have follow-up to 6 months; 171 (66%) are female. All FMTs were done for CDI, and 249 (96%) used an unknown donor (e.g., stool bank). One-month cure occurred in 200 (90%); of these, 197 (98%) received only a single FMT. Among 112 with initial cure who were followed to 6 months, 4 (4%) had CDI recurrence. Severe symptoms reported within 1-month of FMT included diarrhea (5 (2%)) and abdominal pain (4 (2%)); 3 (1%) had hospitalizations possibly related to FMT. At 6 months, new diagnoses of irritable bowel syndrome were made in 2 (1%) and inflammatory bowel disease in 2 (1%).
This prospective real-world study demonstrated high effectiveness of FMT for CDI with a good safety profile. Assessment of new conditions at long-term follow-up is planned as this registry grows and will be important for determining the full safety profile of FMT.