Prediction of individual patient benefit from lenalidomide (Len) maintenance post autologous transplant (ASCT) remains challenging. We investigated here extended molecular profiling for outcome prediction in NCRI Myeloma XI (MyXI) trial patients. MyXI patients randomized to Len maintenance or observation post-ASCT were genetically profiled for t(4;14), t(14;16), t(14;20), del(1p), gain(1q) and del(17p) and co-occurrence of risk markers computed. PFS, PFS2 and OS were calculated from maintenance randomization, and groups compared using Cox proportional hazards regression. 556 MyXI patients, 17% with double hit MM (≥2 risk markers), 32% with single hit (1 risk marker) and 51% without risk marker, were analyzed. Single hit MM derived the highest PFS benefit from Len maintenance, specifically isolated del(1p), del(17p) and t(4;14), with approximately 40-fold (HR 0.02; 95% CI: 0.002-0.24; P=0.0012), 10-fold (HR 0.1; 95% CI: 0.02-0.58; P=0.0095) and 7-fold (HR 0.14; 95% CI: 0.04-0.45; P=0.0009) reduced risk of progression or death (PFS) compared to observation, respectively. This benefit translated into improved PFS2 HR 0.27 (95% CI: 0.13-0.54; P=0.0002) and OS HR 0.41 (95% CI: 0.18-0.93; P=0.03) for this group of patients over observation; median PFS was 10.9 vs. 57.3 months for observation vs. Len maintenance. Patients with isolated gain(1q) derived no benefit, and double hit MM limited benefit, regardless or risk lesions involved, from Len maintenance. Extended genetic profiling identifies patients deriving exceptional benefit from Len maintenance and should be considered for newly diagnosed patients to support management discussions along their treatment pathway.