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Efficacy and Safety of Oral Isotretinoin in the Treatment of Patients With Moderate to Severe Seborrheic Dermatitis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, chronic, and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. There are few studies on oral isotretinoin in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. The aim of this research was to analyze the efficacy and safety of oral isotretinoin in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis.
This was a retrospective study. All included patients were diagnosed as moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis and treated with oral isotretinoin from January 2019 to December 2020. Symptom Scale of Seborrheic Dermatitis (SSSD) was used to evaluate the overall severity status of disease.
A total of 48 patients with moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis were enrolled, of which 26 patients were treated with oral isotretinoin at a dose of 20 mg/day, and 22 patients were treated with oral isotretinoin at a dose of 10 mg/day. The duration of treatment was 2.42 ± 0.98 months (range: 2-6 months). The absolute SSSD values were 10.63 ± 1.02 for all 48 patients, 10.95 ± 1.15 and 10.30 ± 1.11 for patients with a dose of 20 and 10 mg/day, respectively. At the endpoint, there were no significant difference in SSSD values between the two groups (2.21 ± 0.24 vs. 2.35 ± 0.46, P = 0.18). The patients were satisfied with the two treatment schemes, and the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.78). The most common side effect was cheilitis; however, no serious adverse events occurred in either group.
When considering efficacy and safety, oral isotretinoin can be used to treat patients with moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis.
Efficacy and safety of oral isotretinoin in the treatment of moderate to severe seborrheic dermatitis: a retrospective studyInt. J. Dermatol 2023 Feb 15;[EPub Ahead of Print], Z Yanfei, N Xiaoying, Z Dingwei, W Wei, R Jianwen
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.