To determine the sustained therapeutic effect of percutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with detrusor activity (DA) during 24 months.
After 12 weeks therapy, PTNS was applied at 14-day intervals for 3 months, 21-day intervals for 3 months and 28-day intervals through 24 months. The patients completed a 3-day voiding diary and ICIQ-SF, OAB-V8, OAB-q SF questionnaires at 3rd, 6th, 9th,12th and 24th month.
A total of 76 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these 44 (57.9%) were men and 32 (42.1%) women. The differences of compared parameters at baseline and at the end of 24 months were as follows; daytime frequency decreased by 4.6 voids daily, urge incontinence decreased by 4.2 episodes daily, urgency episodes decreased by 6.2 episodes daily, nocturia decreased by 2.4 voids (p <0.001) and voided volume improved by a mean of 71.4 cc (p <0.05). When compared with baseline significant improvements were seen in the volume at the first involuntary detrusor contraction (1st IDCV), maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), maximal detrusor pressure at first involuntary detrusor contraction (1st IDC Pdetmax), maximal detrusor pressure at MCC (MCC Pdetmax), detrusor pressure at maximal flow (PdetQmax) and post-void residual volume (PVR) after PTNS treatment at 3, 12, 24 months (p<0.001 for each) except maximal flow rate (Qmax) value (p˃0.05).
These results have demonstrated the significant improvements both on voiding and urodynamic parameters under PTNS treatment with a tapering protocol for during 24-months in PD with DA.