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This is an observational, community‐based, case–control study conducted in an area severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Motor and nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) were evaluated in 12 patients with PD who were also diagnosed with COVID-19 and compared with those of 36 matched controls with PD without COVID-19. Both motor and nonmotor features of PD worsened significantly in patients with COVID-19 compared with controls. In patients with PD and COVID-19, the mean CISI-PD score changed from 6.2 at baseline to 7.4 at study end. In controls, the mean score changed from 7.5 at baseline to 7.6 at study end. Proposed mechanisms for worsening include both infection-related mechanisms and impaired pharmacokinetics of dopaminergic therapy.
The article offers useful information on the impact of COVID-19 on PD symptoms.
– Codrin I. Lungu, MD
This abstract is available on the publisher's site.
The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on clinical features of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been poorly characterized so far. Of 141 PD patients resident in Lombardy, we found 12 COVID-19 cases (8.5%), whose mean age and disease duration (65.5 and 6.3 years, respectively) were similar to controls. Changes in clinical features in the period January 2020 to April 2020 were compared with those of 36 PD controls matched for sex, age, and disease duration using the clinical impression of severity index for PD, the Movement Disorders Society Unified PD Rating Scale Parts II and IV, and the nonmotor symptoms scale. Motor and nonmotor symptoms significantly worsened in the COVID-19 group, requiring therapy adjustment in one third of cases. Clinical deterioration was explained by both infection-related mechanisms and impaired pharmacokinetics of dopaminergic therapy. Urinary issues and fatigue were the most prominent nonmotor issues. Cognitive functions were marginally involved, whereas none experienced autonomic failure.