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Expert Opinion / Commentary · June 09, 2015

Drinking Sweet Beverages and Type 2 Diabetes: Beyond Obesity

Written by
Wahida Karmally DrPH, RD, CDE, CLS, FNLA


Additional Info

  1. Yang Q, Zhang Z, Gregg EW, et al. Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(4):516-524.
  2. Xi B, Huang Y, Reilly KH, et al. Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of hypertension and CVD: a dose-response meta-analysis. Br J Nutr. 2015;113(5):709-717.
  3. Sayon-Orea C, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Gea A, et al. Baseline consumption and changes in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and the incidence of hypertension: The SUN project [published online November 22, 2014]. Clin Nutr. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.11.010.
  4. Shimony MK, Schliep KC, Schisterman EF, et al. The relationship between sugar-sweetened beverages and liver enzymes among healthy premenopausal women: a prospective cohort study [published online March 24, 2015]. Eur J Nutr. DOI: 10.1007/s00394-015-0876-3.
  5. Malik VS, Popkin BM, Bray GA, et al. Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(11):2477-2483.
  6. Greenwood DC, Threapleton DE, Evans CE, et al. Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(5):725-734.
  7. Wang M, Yu M, Fang L, Hu RY. Association between sugar-sweetened beverages and type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis. J Diabetes Investig. 2015;6(3):360-366.
  8. Cheungpasitporn W, Thongprayoon C, O'Corragain OA, et al. Associations of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soda with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nephrology (Carlton). 2014;19(12):791-797.
  9. O'Connor L, Imamura F, Lentjes MA, et al. Prospective associations and population impact of sweet beverage intake and type 2 diabetes, and effects of substitutions with alternative beverages [published online May 6, 2015]. Diabetologia. doi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3572-1
  10. Johnson RK, Appel LJ, Brands M, et al. Dietary sugars intake and cardiovascular health: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. 2009;120(11):1011-1020.
  11. World Health Organization Technical Staff. Reducing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce the risk of unhealthy weight gain in adults. Available at: Published September 2014. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  12. Hammond, D, Fong GT, Borland R, Cummings KM, McNeill A, Driezen P. Text and graphic warnings on cigarette packages: findings from the international tobacco control four country study. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(3):202-209.

Further Reading