We have detected that you are using an Ad Blocker. PracticeUpdate is free to end users but we rely on advertising to fund our site. Please consider supporting PracticeUpdate by whitelisting us in your ad blocker.
We have sent a message to the email address you have provided, . If this email is not correct, please update your settings with your correct address.
The email address you provided during registration, , does not appear to be valid. Please update your settings with a valid address before to continue using PracticeUpdate.
Welcome to PracticeUpdate! We hope you are enjoying access to a selection of our top-read and most recent articles. Please register today for a free account and gain full access to all of our expert-selected content.
You can find your saved items on your dashboard, in the "saved" tab.
You've recommended your first item
Your recommendations help us improve our content suggestions for you and other PracticeUpdate members.
You've subscribed to your first topic alert
What does that mean?
Each day, we'll check to see if new items have been published to the topics you're subscribed to, and we'll send you one email with all of the new items from that day.
We'll keep all topic alert notifications available on your dashboard for 30 days, to make sure you don't miss anything.
Lastly, whenever you have unread items in the topics you've subscribed to, the "Alerts" icon will light up in the main menu. Just click on the bell to see your five most-recent, unread notifications.
The authors of this prospective study examined risk factors and outcomes of COVID-19 infection in patients with multiple sclerosis. They followed 40 patients, 19 of whom had mild courses (not requiring hospital admission), 15 with moderate courses (requiring hospital admission), and 6 with severe courses (requiring intensive care unit admission). Moderate to severe COVID-19 infection was associated with older age, a progressive disease course (which is also associated with increasing age in patients with MS), and worse disability than in those with mild courses. There were no significant differences in disease-modifying therapies (DMT) among the three groups, although the sample size was not large enough to detect differences among DMT.
Overall, this study demonstrated that characteristics of COVID-19 infection in the MS population were not significantly different from those in the general population (older age and comorbid disability).
– Kyle Binder, MD
This abstract is available on the publisher's site.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have been considered a higher-risk population for COVID-19 due to the high prevalence of disability and disease-modifying therapy use; however, there is little data identifying clinical characteristics of MS associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes. Therefore, we conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study looking at the outcomes of 40 MS patients with confirmed COVID-19. Severity of COVID-19 infection was based on hospital course, where a mild course was defined as the patient not requiring hospital admission, moderate severity was defined as the patient requiring hospital admission to the general floor, and most severe was defined as requiring intensive care unit admission and/or death. 19/40(47.5%) had mild courses, 15/40(37.5%) had moderate courses, and 6/40(15%) had severe courses. Patients with moderate and severe courses were significantly older than those with a mild course (57[50-63] years old and 66[58.8-69.5] years old vs 48[40-51.5] years old, P = 0.0121, P = 0.0373). There was differing prevalence of progressive MS phenotype in those with more severe courses (severe:2/6[33.3%]primary-progressing and 0/6[0%]secondary-progressing, moderate:1/14[7.14%] and 5/14[35.7%] vs mild:0/19[0%] and 1/19[5.26%], P = 0.0075, 1 unknown). Significant disability was found in 1/19(5.26%) mild course-patients, but was in 9/15(60%, P = 0.00435) of moderate course-patients and 2/6(33.3%, P = 0.200) of severe course-patients. Disease-modifying therapy prevalence did not differ among courses (mild:17/19[89.5%], moderate:12/15[80%] and severe:3/6[50%], P = 0.123). MS patients with more severe COVID-19 courses tended to be older, were more likely to suffer from progressive phenotype, and had a higher degree of disability. However, disease-modifying therapy use was not different among courses.
COVID-19 in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and Risk Factors for Severe Infection
J. Neurol. Sci. 2020 Sep 19;[EPub Ahead of Print], F Chaudhry, H Bulka, AS Rathnam, OM Said, J Lin, H Lorigan, E Bernitsas, J Rube, SJ Korzeniewski, AB Memon, PD Levy, L Schultz, A Javed, R Lisak, M Cerghet