Finite clinical data and understanding of COVID-19 immunopathology has led to limited, opinion-based recommendations for management of immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) patients on immunosuppressive (IS) therapeutics.
Determine if IS therapeutic type impacts COVID-19 risk among IMID patients.
We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) patients tested for COVID-19 between February 1st and April 18th, 2020 treated with IS medication for IMID. Therapeutic class of IS medication, comorbidities, and demographic factors were combined into multivariate models to determine predictors of COVID-19 infection, admission, ventilation, and mortality.
Of 213 IMID patients, 36.2% tested positive for COVID-19, who had no greater odds of being hospitalized or requiring ventilation relative to the general population. No IS therapeutic worsened the course of disease after multivariate correction, though multi-drug regimens and biologics predicted an increased and decreased rate of hospitalization, respectively, with the latter driven by TNFα inhibitors.
A single-center study somewhat limits generalization to community-based settings. Only patients tested for COVID-19 were analyzed.
IS therapies for IMIDs are not associated with a significantly greater risk of SARS-CoV-2 or severe sequelae when controlling for other factors, and TNFα inhibitors may decrease odds of severe infection.