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Published in Primary Care

Expert Opinion / Commentary · December 07, 2022

2022 Top Story in Primary Care: Dementia Prevention

Written by
Irene Hamrick MD, FAAFP, AGSF, CMD


Additional Info

  1. Fried TR, Tinetti ME, Iannone L, et al. Health Outcome Prioritization as a Tool for Decision Making Among Older Persons With Multiple Chronic Conditions. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(20):1854-1856.
  2. Hebert R, Dubois MF, Wolfson C, et al. Factors Associated With Long-Term Institutionalization of Older People With Dementia: Data From the Canadian Study of Health and Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001;56(11):M693-699.
  3. Williamson W, Lewandowski AJ, Forkert ND, et al. Association of Cardiovascular Risk Factors With MRI Indices of Cerebrovascular Structure and Function and White Matter Hyperintensities in Young Adults. JAMA. 2018;320(7):665-673.
  4. Williamson JD, Pajewski NM, Auchus AP, et al. Effect of Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control on Probable Dementia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2019;321(6):553-561.
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  6. Susuki W. The brain-changing benefits of exercise. TED Talks. 2017. Accessed November 18, 2022.
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  9. Hemrick I. Association of Daily Intellectual Activities With Lower Risk of Incident Dementia Among Older Chinese Adults [abstract of Lee ATC,Richards M, Chan WC, et al. Association of Daily Intellectual Activities With Lower Risk of Incident Dementia Among Older Chinese Adults. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018;75(7):697-703]. PracticeUpdate Primary Care. 2018 Jun 13. Accessed November 18, 2022.
  10. Topiwala A, Allan CL, Valkanova V, et al. Moderate alcohol consumption as risk factor for adverse brain outcomes and cognitive decline: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ. 2017;357:j2353
  11. Daviet R, Aydogan G, Jagannathan K, et al. Associations between alcohol consumption and gray and white matter volumes in the UK Biobank. Nat Commun. 2022;13(1):1175.
  12. Liu W, Xing S, Wei F, et al. Excessive Dietary Salt Intake Exacerbates Cognitive Impairment Progression and Increases Dementia Risk in Older Adults. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2022 Nov 6. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2022.10.001. Online ahead of print.
  13. Gray SL, Anderson ML, Dublin S, et al. Cumulative Use of Strong Anticholinergics and Incident Dementia: a Prospective Cohort Study. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(3):401-407.
  14. Gray SL, Dublin S, Yu O, et al. Benzodiazepine Use and Risk of Incident Dementia or Cognitive Decline: Prospective Population Based Study. BMJ. 2016;352:i90.
  15. Maharani A, Dawes P, Nazroo J, et al. Longitudinal Relationship Between Hearing Aid Use and Cognitive Function in Older Americans. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018;66(6):1130-1136.

Disclosure statements are available on the authors' profiles:

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