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Published in Diabetes

Expert Opinion / Commentary · December 08, 2021

2021 Top Story in Diabetes: “Twincretin” Maximizes Glucose Control and Weight Loss

Written by
Kathleen M. Dungan MD, MPH


Additional Info

  1. Alexiadou K, Anyiam O, Tan T. Cracking the combination: Gut hormones for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. J Neuroendocrinol. 2019;31(5):e12664.
  2. Nauck MA, Quast DR, Wefers J, Pfeiffer AFH. The evolving story of incretins (GIP and GLP-1) in metabolic and cardiovascular disease: A pathophysiological update. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2021;23 (Suppl 3):5-29.
  3. Rosenstock J, Wysham C, Frías JP, et al. Efficacy and safety of a novel dual GIP and GLP-1 receptor agonist tirzepatide in patients with type 2 diabetes (SURPASS-1): a double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2021;398(10295):143-155.
  4. Frías JP, Davies MJ, Rosenstock J, et al. Tirzepatide versus Semaglutide Once Weekly in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2021;385(6):503-515.
  5. Davies M, Færch L, Jeppesen OK, et al. Semaglutide 2·4 mg once a week in adults with overweight or obesity, and type 2 diabetes (STEP 2): a randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2021;397(10278):971-984.
  6. Ludvik B, Giorgino F, Jódar E, et al. Once-weekly tirzepatide versus once-daily insulin degludec as add-on to metformin with or without SGLT2 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes (SURPASS-3): a randomised, open-label, parallel-group, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2021;398(10300):583-598.
  7. Del Prato S, Kahn SE, Pavo I, et al. Tirzepatide versus insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes and increased cardiovascular risk (SURPASS-4): a randomised, open-label, parallel-group, multicentre, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2021; 398(10313):1811-1824.
  8. Dahl D, Onishi Y, Norowood P, et al. 80-LB: Tirzepatide, a Dual GIP/GLP-1 Receptor Agonist, Is Effective and Safe When Added to Basal Insulin for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (SURPASS-5). Diabetes. 2021;70 (Suppl 1).

Disclosure statements are available on the authors' profiles:

Further Reading