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Simone Rossi MD, PhD

Simone Rossi MD, PhD

Professor of Neurophysiology, Neurologist at UOC Neurologia e Neurofisiologia Clinica, Policlinico Le Scotte, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Senese, and Chief of the Siena Brain Investigation and Neuromodulation Lab (Si-BIN Lab), University of Siena, Siena, Italy

Simone Rossi, MD, PhD, is a Professor of Human Physiology. He is also a Neurologist and Neurophysiologist, currently leading the Brain Investigation & Neuromodulation Lab (Si-BIN Lab) at the Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology Unit, University of Siena, where he also leads the Parkinson’s disease clinical activity.

Dr. Rossi has a national full professorship habilitation in Neurology. He is the author of the popular scientific book “Il Cervello Elettrico” [The Electric Brain], Raffaello Cortina Ed., September 2020.

Dr. Rossi is an international leader in the field of noninvasive brain stimulation, where his contributions include: technical developments (one patent for a new sham coil for TMS); use and developments of noninvasive brain stimulation techniques (TMS, tDCS, tACS) as neuroimaging procedures in cognitive neuroscience, with a focus on memory, therapeutic neuromodulatory tools in neuropsychiatry, and neuroehnancement (including ethical issues); individuation of neurophysiological markers of psychiatric diseases; noninvasive investigation of neural plasticity mechanisms and brain connectivity, studied with EEG, TMS-EEG combination and rsFMRI. He also helps in the development of wearable robotic devices (in collaboration with Prof. Domenico Prattichizzo) to improve human health, for stroke people, Parkinson’s disease patients and tinnitus sufferers (three patents).

Dr. Rossi has authored 183 full text publications on peer-reviewed scientific journals indexed by Current Contents-Life Science (and 11 chapters in books), with an overall Impact Factor of about 804 (mean per publication: 4.2), H-index: 58. He has more than 17900 citations (see:, public GoogleScholar profile).

Dr. Rossi received his M.D. in 1987 at the University of Firenze, his specialization in Neurophysiopathlogy in 1990 at the University of Genova, and a second specialization in Neurology in 1999 at the University of Siena; in 1996, he obtained the PhD in “Pathophysiology of Nervous Functions”. He has been trained in neurology and neurophysiology in Siena, in Roma, under the supervision of Prof. Paolo Rossini and in Germany (Ulm, Freiburg).

He is or has been a member of the Editorial Boards of Behavioural Neurology, Brain Stimulation, ISNR Neurology, and Clinical Neurophysiology and is past President of the Italian Society of Psychophysiology & Cognitive Neuroscience. Currently, he is secretary of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology. He is also an occasional reviewer of 98 international scientific journals in neurology, neurophysiology, psychiatry and neuroscience areas (including Nature Reviews Neurology, Lancet Neurology, Neurology, Annals of Neurology, Journal of Neuroscience, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Current Biology, Biological Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychiatry, Elife, etc.).

Dr. Rossi is Referee for the European Research Council, for the Medical Research Council (MRC) UK, for The French National Research Agency (ANR), for the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, for the Israeli Scientific Foundation, for the Weston Brain Institute. He is a reviewer of the Italian Ministry of Research for the evaluation of scientific production of Italian Universities.

Dr. Rossi is or has been granted as Unit Leader in many Italian research projects and is responsible for the local neuroscientifc aspects in two European granted projects in Robotics.


Dr. Rossi is a Consultant for EBNeuro and for Neurocare Group Italy.

Recent Contributions to PracticeUpdate:

  1. Bimodal Neuromodulation Reduces Tinnitus Symptoms